It might seem that little has changed following the recent State Duma elections, with the United Russia ruling party retaining its majority, allowing the Kremlin to reaffirm its control over the lower chamber of parliament. Yet the latest Duma campaign was an important step in the ongoing transformation of the Russian power system that began in 2020 with the resetting of the clock on presidential terms, enabling President Vladimir Putin to extend his time in power. This time around, the changes concern the party system.

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